Refuge Roundup at Balcones Canyonlands NWR


Dave the Opossum greets visitors to the “All Things Wild” animal rehab booth at the 2019 Balcones Canyonlands NWR “Refuge Roundup” – © Heather Valey 2019

On Saturday, October 19th, the Balcones Canyonlands NWR had their 3rd annual “Refuge Roundup”.  The purpose of this yearly outreach event, said Jen Brown, the Visitor Services Manager at the refuge is “…to connect children and families with nature and public lands through recreational activities. Many of our neighbors don’t know that the refuge is here and offers many great opportunities to spend time playing, learning, and exercising outdoors.”

There were some very engaging activity booths that encouraged children to learn about and try out some new outdoor activities.  Probably my favorite one was the Jr. Firefighter booth where kids learned about fire on the refuge and got to practice some firefighting.  They even got to wear the cool coat & hat!

Jr. Firefighter Practice

Jr. Firefighter at the 3rd Annual Balcones Canyonlands NWR “Refuge Roundup” – © H. Valey

Some of the other activities presented for the children were BB guns, Archery, a touch table with skulls and fur, catfish fishing (yes there were real fish! ), snakes and other native Texas reptiles.  It really was an impressive array of fun activities to engage youth in nature the outdoors.  The adults looked like they were having fun as well.

Don’t worry if you’re feeling bad that you missed it, the refuge has confirmed that yes, there will be a fourth annual Refuge Round Up in October 2020.  In the meantime, Jen Brown invites you to  “Come out and visit Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge! We have over 25,000 acres of habitat for native plants and animals and four public areas where visitors can get up close to see unique and protected Texas species. If folks are interested in becoming more involved, they can get in contact with me and I’ll talk with them about various volunteer opportunities. The refuge has a small staff and is very happy to have volunteers help us work on our mission.”

For more information on events at the preserve and how to volunteer visit:

Post Climate Strike – What Next?


Climate Strike Austin © Heather Valey 2019

written & photographed by Heather Valey

Just as South East Texas was reeling from the giant tropical storm Imelda, young people and folks from all walks rallied at the Texas Capitol (and around the world) demanding action on Climate Change.  Speakers on the steps of the Capitol led chants and gave passionate speeches about the inaction of our government to even acknowledge, let alone act on Climate Change in recent years.

The strike may be over, but we can’t rest.  We must continue to insist on action.  We also must be insistent on the right action.  I’m tired of being overwhelmed with distracting lists of things I can do to fight climate change: stop eating meat, stop showering, don’t eat organic food, eat more organic food… etc.  I do try to watch my carbon footprint, I drive a hybrid car, we have installed energy saving light bulbs in our house, we try not to fly very much…etc  But these “to-do” lists for the common folk is all a distraction to move blame away from where it belongs.  For example, take the “stop eating meat” mandate,  livestock only contributes to the overall US greenhouse gas emissions by 4.2%, and globally up to 18%.  We need to focus on the biggest cause of the issue and that is our use of fossil fuels.   The biggest offender in the U.S. is the burning of fossil fuels (oil & coal) which accounts for 62.9%  of our Greenhouse Gas emissions in this country. Globally, fossil fuel consumption contributes to 76 % of our Green House Gas emissions.  So if you just can’t give up meat, don’t feel like you are a terrible environmentalist.  

**  The recent fires in the Amazon, Indonesia now and Canada in 2018 aren’t helping either.  

Climate Strike Austin – © Heather Valey 2019

Our government needs to be participating in the solution, not becoming a bigger part of the problem.  The US is the 2nd largest contributor of Greenhouse Gases in the world.  The UN Climate summit this past week was focused on creating plans and strategies to act now on Climate Change, but sadly produced little but talk.


© Heather Valey 2019

We must continue pushing until our government starts taking this seriously.   There are things you can do aside from putting down that burger.

  1. Make sure you are registered to vote. If you are not, you can go HERE .  If you think you are already registered, double check.  Your vote matters so make sure you are able to cast it.
  2. Do your homework before voting, look for candidates that support action for climate change.  Look into what their plans are.  Use resources like Vote411 or  League of Women Voters  . has some good tips on how to decide who to vote for in any election.
  3. Look for groups in your area working on climate change activism.
  4. Stay in the loop.  Keep up to date on what is happening.
    • By signing up with any of the agencies that are working on fighting climate change they will send you updates
    • Search out information beyond the headlines, the mainstream media doesn’t always show what is happening with a certain issue
    • The Austin Eco-Network is a great source for the Austin area for eco-issues

If you can add to these lists please do in the comments!



Fun at Focus in Flight Workshop

Roseate Spoonbill - photo by H. Valey

Roseate Spoonbill – photo by H. Valey

On the weekend of April 6th, I drove up to High Island, south of Houston to Houston Audubon’s Smith Oaks Rookery for Houston Audubon‘s first “Flight In Focus” photography workshop.   The rookery had been on my list of places to visit, but when I saw they were having a 2 day photography workshop I decided that this was something I didn’t want to miss.

Speakers at the workshop were Alan Murphy, Trey Williams, Sonny Manley, Clay Taylor from Swarvoski optics, and Joe Smith. Topics ranged from set ups for bird photography, to digiscoping  to urban eagle photography.

The lighting was overcast and foggy almost the whole time, but all of the photo shoots were fun and the talks were great.  Some of the photographer speakers took more of a studio approach to wildlife photography and talked about their setups and lighting while others took more of naturalist approach and only photographed their subjects in natural light and spontaneous settings.  I found it very interesting to hear talks from both camps and it has given me pause to think about my own photography style and philosophy, which I’m sure I will write more about later.

Some of the birds I was lucky enough to see and photograph on High Island that weekend were:  Roseate Spoonbills, Great Egrets and the Double-Crested Cormorant.  The Houston Raptor Center also brought in some of their educational/rescue birds for a photo shoot, which was fun. I’m starting to have mixed feelings about staged photo shoots though… definitely more on that later.

Enjoy the photos!

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With Winter Comes Cedar Fever


Cedar World

The season changes here in the Texas hill country are more subtle than in some areas of the US.  Our winters are usually marked by different things than snow and ice.  One of those mid-winter happenings is cedar allergy season, known as Cedar Fever to the locals.  Here in the Texas hill country, cedar trees are as ubiquitous as barbecue & tacos.  Almost everywhere you look you’ll find one of these trees.  Sometimes it can feel like the picture to the left… that the whole world in Austin is made of cedar trees!

When the cedar trees pollinate in December through February, they tend to wreak allergy hell on many a person.  These trees get a bad rap for a few reasons: many people are allergic to their pollen and for different reasons, many landowners find them problematic (more on that later).  However, these trees are important to our hill country eco-system. So while you’re sneezing, wiping your itchy eyes and wanting to cut down all the cedar in sight, let’s talk a little bit about what makes these trees so amazing & important.   We’ll also take a look at why they can be considered problematic.

A little backstory –

First let’s call them by their proper name. What we know as “cedar” here is actually not a a cedar tree at all, but is coniferous and is a member of the Juniper family.  They are known as Ashe Juniper trees, in recognition of US Forest Service Forester William Ashe.  He was the first to collect a sample of this tree in 1924 in Arkansas.  The scientific name is Juniperus ashei.  Ashe Junipers are evergreen, typically multi-trunked and rarely grow over 30 ft tall.

They have been here for a very long time and are native trees. In fact fossilized Ashe Juniper pollen found in Friesenhahn Cave, out near San Antonio, dates back 14 to 20 thousand years ago.  Early visitors recorded densely covered “cedar brakes” in the Balcones Canyonland area as well.

The Good


Golden-Cheeked Warbler perched in Ashe Juniper – photo credit H. Valey

From a wildlife perspective —

Ashe Juniper has a lot of value for wildlife. Fox, ring tails, raccoons, coyotes, white-tailed deer and more than 19 species of birds forage for the berries. The shaggy bark of the mature Ashe Juniper trees is used by the endangered Golden-Cheeked Warbler, who only breeds in the Texas Hill Country and then returns to South America in the fall. Since it is ever-green, Ashe Juniper is used for cover in the winter and nesting for animals and birds in the spring. This tree is also the larval host for the Juniper Hairstreak butterfly as well.


Juniper Hairstreak – photo credit H. Valey

From a Historical and Practical Perspective… 

This tree played an important role in the history of the Hill Country area. Originally, Native Americans relied on the wood of the trees.   Later, the Cedar Choppers relied on these trees for their living by chopping and selling cedar poles. The heartwood of Ashe Juniper is durable and resistant to rot, as a result they were used as fence posts, telegraph poles and railroad ties.

Today Ashe Juniper oil is used in the making of different fragrances and the wood is still used for fence posts.

Cedar As Far As You Can See - photo credit H. ValeyCedar As Far As You Can See – photo credit H. Valey

The Problematic

Just because Ashe Junipers are native, doesn’t mean that they can’t be aggressive.  Ashe Juniper will take over on over-grazed/disturbed land.  Lack of fire and competition of herbaceous plants allows the Ashe Juniper saplings to get out of check and take over.  Once the Ashe Juniper shades out the ground, then it really makes it hard for forbs and grasses to flourish, which are the plants that livestock prefer. It also out competes more preferable tree species such as the Live Oak.  There is also some proof that dense Ashe Juniper growth will deter adequate water regeneration back to the aquifers.  This is why land owners who are trying maintain grasslands for livestock find these trees problematic.

However, on the flip side, Ashe Juniper trees are evergreen, drought-tolerant and provide a great privacy screen and/or windbreak.  They can and do grow on limestone, holding together the rock and soil that would otherwise erode during our flash floods.  They can act as a nursery tree for some of smaller important under story trees such as Madrone & Rusty blackhaw viburnam.  Also of note, is that the leaf litter from the Ashe Juniper helps to create soil on top of the limestone, which anyone who has tried to dig a hole here in the Hill Country knows we need more of.

Ashe Juniper on Hwy 360 - photo credit H. Valey

Cedar Trees Holding the Limestone Cliff Together on HWY 360 – photo credit H. Valey

And Yes… there are the allergies… 

Ashe Juniper trees are dioecious, meaning that there are male plants & female plants. Female plants produce small blue juniper berries, the males produce the pollen. Ashe Juniper don’t start producing berries or pollen until they are around 10 to 20 years old. What triggers allergic reactions in so many people is the pollen that is released by the male trees.  The pollen is released into the air in huge clouds by the male trees and is carried by the wind many miles, so chopping down all the cedar in your yard will not help.  Best to see your doctor about remedies that will work for you during Cedar Fever season.  It’s all part of living in the hill country, there are a plenty of good things but yeah, admittedly,  Cedar fever isn’t so great. However, don’t blame the trees, they are just doing what they are supposed to do and what they have done for eons… propagate.

The Takeaway —

Many landowners struggle with what to do with cedar on their property. Like with almost everything in life, It depends on what you are trying to achieve. Cutting down all the Ashe Juniper is not beneficial for wildlife, but letting it take over isn’t great if you are a rancher and need to keep your grassland for livestock.  When attending a land stewardship workshop at Bamberger Ranch, known for their outstanding land stewardship in Texas,  they shared that they cut down most of the Ashe Juniper saplings, and 2nd growth trees, but groom and leave all mature Ashe Juniper Trees, cutting them into an appealing lollypop shape. This allows more sun to hit the ground and encourages the growth of more native forbs and grasses, but also allows wildlife to benefit from the trees in the ways they need to.

If you sit and pick a mature Ashe Juniper to stare at for a few minutes, you can’t help but feel a profound sense of time as you look at its worn bark and sturdy stature.  These trees are true native Texans, tough, determined and an essential part of its historical and future identity.


  1. Biology & Ecology of Ashe Juniper – F. E. Smeins and S. D.
  2. Juniperus ashei – Wikipedia
  3. Know your Natives: Ashe Juniper – Sara Galvan
  4. Dispelling Myths of Ashe Juniper – Jim & Lynne Weber
  5. Juniper Ecology – Alan McGinty
  6.  White Juniper Fungus Biology – Bill Dodd
  7. Juniper Biology & Management in Texas – Texas Agriculture Extension Service
  8. Ashe Juniper Is Really More Good Than Bad – Jan McAuliffe and Mary Dunn, NPSOT Beorne Chapter
  9. The War on Cedar – Joe Nick Patoski – Texas Monthly

Banding Golden-Cheeked Warblers – Photo Essay

I tagged along on a Golden-Cheeked Warbler bird banding session with biologist Julie Murray from the Travis County Balcones Canyonlands Conservation office in Austin, Texas. The endangered birds are banded and re-sighted every year during breeding season to help scientists understand how many birds are returning each year, how long they live and how big their territories are, among other things.

Below is a photo essay of the banding experience.

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For more information on the BCCP and the Golden-Cheeked Warbler, check out these resources below:

  1. The Balcones Canyonlands Conservation Plan
  2. The Golden- Cheeked Warbler

“Bye Bye Ligustrum” at Blair Woods


The Pond at Blair Woods

Blair Woods is this cool little wooded preserve in Austin proper. It’s about 10 acres and was left to the Travis Audubon Society in the 80s by Dr. Frank Blair, who was a UT professor and a zoologist. It has a pond and a trail that winds through different habitat types including a woodland and savanah.  The pond is pretty interesting in that it was made by damming up a creek with homework papers that Dr. Blair had collected from his students.  He reportedly called it the “Dam of Words”. Continue reading